With record sales and profits coming in from its electric cars (but not only, Bitcoin), Elon Musk’s Tesla made a strong start to the year. This has been made possible even after facing production hurdles due to the global shortage of computer chips. Mr. Musk said the chip shortage caused “supply chain challenges”, although that “particular problem” had eased.
Specifics of the profits
Profits for the first three months of the year were $438m (£315m), up from $16m last year, bolstered by sales of Bitcoin and environmental credits. But the profits were dented by a $299m payment to Mr. Musk as part of a controversial compensation plan struck in 2018. In the same quarter, revenue rose to $10.4bn, from $6bn last year.
Mr. Musk claimed Tesla’s Model 3, its midsize sedan, was the “best-selling luxury sedan of any kind in the world” for the quarter. He also predicted the company’s midsize sport utility Model Y would become the best-selling car or truck of any kind in the coming years.
Mr. Musk said, “We’ve seen a real shift in customer perception of electric vehicles, and our demand is the best we’ve ever seen”.
The company said the Model Y had so far received a strong reception from consumers in China, where Tesla began manufacturing last year, China being the most competitive EV market with hundreds of local EV manufacturers already there.
Bitcoin move for Tesla
Not all of the revenue that the company generated came from selling cars. The company bought $1.5bn of Bitcoin during the first quarter, but then cut its position by 10%, which contributed $101m to its revenues.
Tesla recently made it possible for customers to purchase cars in Bitcoin, allowing it to accumulate more of the cryptocurrency.
“It is our intent to hold what we have long term and continue to accumulate Bitcoin from transactions from our customers as they purchase vehicles,” the company’s chief financial officer, Zachary Kirkhorn, told investors.
Tesla also earns credits for exceeding emissions and fuel economy standards and then selling them to other carmakers that fall short so they can avoid penalties. The company earned $518m from sales of those credits in the first quarter, an increase of 46% over the same quarter in 2020.
EV boom and Tesla’s growth
Tesla said it delivered roughly half a million cars in 2020, and 185,000 in the January-to-March period. With the company’s expectations of deliveries to increase by 50% annually, it is ramping up production at its existing facilities in California and Shanghai while it builds its new factories in Berlin and Texas.
Investors betting on strong growth in electric vehicles in the coming years has pushed Tesla’s share price higher. This has made it the world’s most valuable car company. However, the company makes far fewer cars than companies such as Toyota and Volkswagen, which sold more than nine million cars each, last year.
Nicholas Hyett, the equity analyst at stockbroker Hargreaves Lansdown, said that despite the generally positive results, there could be problems ahead.
He said, “There’s the complete lack of guidance around near-term production headwinds”. “A global shortage of computer chips is expected to limit production from all manufacturers in the immediate future, and Tesla won’t be exempt. Given the ongoing importance of its production ramp-up, it may even be more heavily impacted.”
Despite Tesla making a profit from sales of Bitcoin, Mr. Hyett said there were many skeptics: “Tesla has made some $101m on its investment so far, which is all well and good, but huge gains and losses aren’t really what corporate treasuries are all about.
“Investors could well argue that if they wanted to have exposure to Bitcoin they would have bought some themselves and don’t need Tesla to do it for them. “Still Tesla has never played by the rules – so far that hasn’t stopped it from being a winner.”